تخريج الحديث النبوي عند المحدِّثين : مفاهيم ومناهج

Graduation of The Prophet’s Hadith Concepts and Methods

  • Maryam Ahmad Znan AL.Zhranie, Dr. Assistant Professor of Hadith and Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University (Mecca Al-Mukarrama), Saudi Arabia

Abstract

The research aims in its entirety to introduce the science of the graduation of prophetic hadiths, in order to show its importance, and its close relationship with the sources of the Sunnah and its books, through which we can determine the whereabouts of the hadiths from the original sources of the Sunnah, and attribute them to those who produced them, and to indicate the degree of these hadiths and distinguish the correct ones from the weak. The researcher extrapolated the texts of the scholars in their books that dealt with the topic of graduation, and then analyzed them in order to determine a scientific concept for graduation, and the methods of scientists in the graduation of hadiths through: Introducing the science of graduation in the language and in the terminology of applicants and contemporaries, its history, its benefits and the most important literature in it, and the statement of the approaches of the modernists in graduation and attribution. With the judgment of hadith, by offering the attribution to be graduated, studying its narratives, verifying the connection of the bond and not interrupting it, and also verifying the validity of the hadith from anomalies, and the reasoning.

يهدف البحث في مجمله إلى التعريف بعلم تخريج الأحاديث النبوية؛ وذلك لبيان أهميته، وعلاقته الوثيقة بمصادر السنة ودواوينها، فمن خلاله يمكننا تحديد أماكن وجود الأحاديث من المصادر الأصلية للسنة، وعزوها إلى من أخرجها، وبيان درجة هذه الأحاديث وتمييز الصحيح منها من الضعيف. حيث قامت الباحثة باستقراء نصوص العلماء الموجودة في كتبهم التي تناولت موضوع التخريج، ومن ثم تحليلها وصولًا إلى تحديد مفهوم علميّ للتخريج، ومناهج العلماء في تخريج الأحاديث وذلك من خلال: التعريف بعلم التخريج في اللغة وفي اصطلاح المتقدمين والمعاصرين، وتاريخه، وبيان فوائده، وأهم المؤلفات فيه، مع بيان مناهج المحدثين في التخريج والعزو. مع الحكم على الحديث؛ وذلك بعرض الإسناد المراد تخريجه، ودراسة رواته، والتحقق من اتصال السند وعدم الانقطاع فيه، والتحقق أيضًا من سلامة الحديث من الشذوذ، والعلة القادحة.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Al-Albani, M. N. (1988). Tamamul Menah fi Attaleek Ala fiqh Assunnah (annotations on Fiqh Assunah Book). Riyadh: Arrayah House.

Al-Asqalani, S. A. (1991). Taqreeb Attahzeeb. Aleppo: Dar Arrashid.

Al-Asqalani, S. A. (2001). Nuzhatu Annazr fi Tawdih Nokhbat Alfikar fi Mostalah Ahlu Alathar. Riyadh: King Fahd National Library.

Al-Asqalani, S. A. (2007). Atalkhees Alhobair. Riyadh: Dar Adwa Assalaf.

Al-Asqalani, S. A. (nd.). Tahzeeb Attahzeeb. Beirut: Arresalah Est.

Alazami, M. D. (2004). Mojam motsalalhat alhadith wa lataif alasaneed (dictionary of hadith and isnad terms). Riyadh: Dar Adwa Assalaf.

Alazzi, H. A. (1999). Tohfatul Ashraf bimarifatul Atraf. Beirut: Dar Algharb Aleslami.

Al-Baghawi, A. M. (1983). Sharhu Sunna. Beirut: Islamic Office.

Al-Baihaqi, A. A. (2003). Assunan Alkobra. Beirut: np.

Al-Biqai, A. N. (2002). Investigation of Hadith. Beirut: Dar Albaser Alislamiah.

Al-Bukhari, A. A. (1998). Aljamu Alsahih. Riyadh: International Ideas Publishers.

Al-Hamawi, A. A. (1993). Lexicon of Countries. Beirut: Dar Sader.

Al-Khatib Al-Baghdadi, A. A. (1983). Al-Jamei li akhlaq alrawi wa alsamei (Ethics of Narrative and Arts of Listener). Riyadh: Almaref Bookshop.

Al-Khatib Al-Baghdadi, A. A. (2003). Alkifayah fi Marifat Asul Elm Ariwayah. np. Dar Alhuda.

Al-Manawi, A. A. (2001). Faidul Qadeer : Sharhul Jamei Alsaghir min Ahadith Albashir Annazir. Beirut: Dar Alkotob Alelmyah.

Alotheem, S. A. (1998). Asaneed Study. Riyadh: np.

Alqazwini, A. Y. (1996). Assunan. Beirut: Dar Almarifah.

Alqusheri, H. A. (1998). Sahihu Muslim. Riyadh: International Ideas House.

Alramhurmzi, A. A. (1984). Almohadith Alfadel bain Arawi wal Waei (Perfect Mohadith between Narrator and Addresser). Beirut: Dar Alfikr.

Alyahsabi, Q. M. (nd.). Alelmaa ela marifat osoul arrewayah wa taqeed assama (reference to knowledge of narration principles). np. np.

Annaisabour, A.A. (1997). Almostadrak Ala Assahihain. Cairo: Dar Alharain.

Annasyei, A. S. (1999). Assunan. Beirut: Dar Almarifah.

Annawai, M. S. (1987). Irshad tollab Alhakaik ela marifat sunan khairul khalyq (guiding students to the features of prophet Mohammed PBUH). Medina: np.

Ashahrazori, A. A. (2003). Ibnu Sallah Introduction to Hadith Sciences. Beirut: Dar Alkotob Alelmyah.

Assakhawi, A. S. (2002). Fathul Moghith Bisharh Alfiyatul Hadith. Riyadh: Dar Almenhaj Bookshop.

Assanani, M. I. (1947). Tawdeh Alafkar li maani Tanqeh Alanzar. Egypt: Alkhanji.

Assejestani, A. A. (1997). Assunan. Beirut: Dar Ibn Hazm.

Assioti, A. A. (2002). Tadrib Arrawi (training of the narrator). Riyadh: Dar Taibah.

Attahan, M. A. (2010). Principles of Takhreej and Isnad Study. Riyadh: Almaref Bookship.

Attermezi, A. E. (1996). Sunan al-Tirmizi. Beirut: Dar Algharb Alislami.

Azawi, A. A. (nd.). ordering of Alqamus Almoet as per the method of Almesbahul Moneer and Asas Albalagha. Beirut: Dar Alfikr.

Azaylaei, J. Y. (nd.). Nasbu Rrayah li Ahadith Alhidayah. Jeddah: Islamic Culture Qebla House.

Bakr, A. Z. (1993). Fundamentals of Investigation & Rules of Discrediting & Disparaging. Riyadh: Capital House.

Ibn Manzour, A. A. (nd.). Lisan Alarab. Beirut: Dar Sader.

Published
2019-12-16
How to Cite
AL.Zhranie, M. A. Z. (2019). تخريج الحديث النبوي عند المحدِّثين : مفاهيم ومناهج. HADIS, 9(18), 235-260. Retrieved from http://hadis.kuis.edu.my/index.php/inhad/article/view/70
Section
Arabic