مناهج النقد الحديثي بين القبول والرَّدّ

Modern Criticism Approaches between Acceptance and Response

  • Noura bint Abdullah Mtaib al-Shihri Professor of Hadith and Associated Sciences Princess Noura Bint Abdul Rahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Curriculum, Criticism, Talk, Acceptance, Reply

Abstract

Sunnah and Prophetic Hadith are one of the most important and eminent sciences. Thus, they received a great consideration through recordation, explanation and clarification. For example, scholars reveal the essence of Hadith criticism, its nature, and the qualities and characteristics of the critic. In addition, they determine the methodologies that must be followed by the critic as well as the ethics of such criticism. Through examination, it becomes clear to us that the origin of such criticism has been started since the mission of prophet Muhammad, its legitimacy depends upon the Holy Quran and the Prophetic Sunnah, and that such criticism may be necessary to distinguish the authentic form the inserted. Criticism is originally found due to the emergence of different sects and the multiplicity of insertion and fabrication. Examination also shows how such criticism has been developed across ages, places, and different schools of Hadith. Moreover, this research includes the methods used by the critic, criticism forms, methodologies and theories. It discusses what is adopted and what is criticized, and shows how such science is a comprehensive one, and determines trends disproving Sunnah and different ways to face them.

السنة والحديث النبوي من أهم العلوم وأشرفها ولذلك كان الاعتناء بها تدوينا وشرحا وبيانا ونقدا اعتناءا كبيرا ومن ذلك أن العلماء بينوا ماهية هذا النقد الحديثي وكيف يكون ومن الذي يقوم به من العلماء وصفاته بل وبينوا المناهج التي يتخذها الناقد  والآداب التي يجب أن يتصف بها. وبالاستقراء تبين لنا نشأة النقد الحديثي وأنه نشأ منذ البعثة المحمدية ومدى مشروعيته وأن مشروعيته مستمدة من القرآن الكريم بل والسنة النبوية المطهرة وأنه ربما يجب ذلك لتنقية الدخيل وبيان الأصيل وعوامل ظهور النقد من انتشار الفرق وكثرة الوضع والكذب، وكيف  تطور هذا النقد عبر العصور والأماكن والرحلات والمدارس العلمية المختلفة، وكذلك في البحث بيان للأدوات التي يستعملها الناقد في النقد وطرقه، ومناهجه ونظرياته وعرض ذلك بين القبول والرد، وكيف أن هذ العلم متكامل، وبيان ما هي الاتجاهات الطاعنه في السنة وسبل مواجهتها.

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Published
2019-12-16
How to Cite
Mtaib al-Shihri, N. bint A. (2019). مناهج النقد الحديثي بين القبول والرَّدّ. HADIS, 9(18), 282-317. Retrieved from http://hadis.kuis.edu.my/index.php/inhad/article/view/72
Section
Arabic