Kajian Terhadap Taraf Hadis dalam Penulisan Living Hadith

A Study on the Status of Hadiths in Living Hadith Writings

  • Norsaleha Mohd. Salleh Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia
  • Mohd Farid Ravi Abdullah Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS)
  • Abur Hamdi Usman Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia.
  • Rosni Wazir Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS)
  • Abu Zaki Ismail Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS)
  • Lily Suzana Hj. Shamsu Universiti Islam Sultan Sharif Ali, Brunei Darussalam
  • Nurul Ain Bt Burhanuddin Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor
Keywords: Status, Hadith, Living Hadith, Indonesia, Tradition

Abstract

Living hadith is a term that was transformed from the living sunnah by Fazlur Rahman and traditional living by Joseph Schacht. The term has been widely used by scholars in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to identify the status of the hadiths used in the writings related to living hadith. A total of 10 works that fulfil the scope of the study was selected for the assessment of the status of the hadiths used in the writings. All of these writings refer to the practices and traditions of the local community called living hadith. Studies show that all of the scholars have placed a great emphasis on the status of the hadiths when they were placing the living hadith as the basis for  the local community practices and traditions, moreover, all practices and traditions of the people are considered as living hadith such as performing berzanji (barzanji), reciting qunut during the evening prayers, performing Balimau bathing (a ritual to celebrate the month of Ramadan), guarding the tomb, doing membadakan paja (a custom of powdering a baby powder for a bath in a river), cupping, embarking on a journey to seek knowledge, doing Arebbe (supper after tarawih prayer at the mosque or surau during the fasting month), reciting Yasin and Qasidah Diba' (a Thursday’s night tradition of Diba' Bil Mustofa). A total of 18 hadiths were found in these 10 living hadith writings, of which 10 ṣaḥīḥ (authentic),1 ḥasan (good), 2 ḥasan gḥarīb (fairly good), and 5 weak (ḍa‘īf) hadiths. It is hoped that this study will be a preliminary step in the effort to create awareness among the community to be more cautious towards the use of hadiths because ignorance towards the status of hadiths can cause the deviation of the Sharia from the original teachings of the Messenger of Allah.

ABSTRAK:

Living hadith ialah istilah yang telah ditransformasikan daripada living sunnah oleh Fazlur Rahman dan living traditional oleh Joseph Schacht.  Istilah ini telah digunakan secara meluas oleh sarjana di Indonesia. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti taraf hadis yang digunakan dalam penulisan yang berkaitan living hadith. Sebanyak 10 artikel daripada jurnal tertentu yang memenuhi skop kajian telah dipilih untuk dinilai taraf hadis yang digunakan dalam penulisan tersebut. Semua penulisan ini merujuk amalan dan tradisi masyarakat setempat yang dinamakan sebagai living hadith. Kajian menunjukkan kesemua ahli sarjana menitikberatkan taraf hadis ketika mereka meletakkan sandaran living hadith dalam amalan dan tradisi masyarakat, malah semua amalan dan tradisi masyarakat disandarkan sebagai living hadith seperti barzanji (berzanji), bacaan qunut ketika solat maghrib, mandi balimau (ritual menyambut bulan Ramadan), menjaga kubur, membadakan paja (adat memakai bedak pada bayi untuk mandi sungai), bekam, merantau dalam menuntut ilmu, tradisi Arebbe (moreh), bacaan Yasin dan Majlis Qasidah Dibā’ (tradisi malam Khamis Majlis Selawat Dibā’ bi al-Muṣṭafā). Sebanyak 18 buah hadis dijumpai dalam penulisan artikel berkaitan living hadith ini. Kajian menunjukkan 10 hadis daripadanya bertaraf hadis sahih, 1 hadis bertaraf hadis ḥasan, 2 hadis bertaraf ḥasan gḥarīb dan 5 hadis bertaraf ḍa‘īf. Diharapkan kajian ini menjadi langkah awal dalam usaha untuk menyedarkan masyarakat supaya lebih peka dalam penggunaan hadis kerana sikap sambil lewa terhadap status hadis boleh menyebabkan syariat agama terpesong dari ajaran asal Rasulullah SAW.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Norsaleha Mohd. Salleh, Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia

She is a Director of Hadith & Aqidah Research Institute (INHAD), Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS). She holds a Diploma of Usuluddin from UNISZA, a Bachelor of Aqidah & Philosophy from al-Azhar University, Egypt, a Master of Usuluddin & Philosophy, and a Ph.D of Islamic Education, both from UKM, Malaysia. Her area of expertise includes the field of Islamic faith, Islamic thought, Islamic education and Islamic psychology. Dr Norsaleha is currently the Vice President of Malaysian Muslim Solidarity, Women's wing for National Da'wah Council, Shariah Advisory for Centre of Ummah Excellence, Advisory Board at Interdisciplinary Research and International Strategy (IRIS Institute). She is also a Member of the State Government's Research and Development Grant, Science, Technology and Innovation Committee (JTGPPSTI) and an advisor to The National Islamic Women's Convention (KONWANIS) and The International Muslimah Empowerment Conference (IMEC). She has run more than 19 research activities and has greatly contributed in 142 publications including research reports, books, book chapters, journals and conference proceedings. She can be contacted by email at norsaleha@kuis.edu.my.

References

Adrika, F. (2014). Living hadith dalam Tradisi Malam Kamis Majelis Shalawat Dibā’ bi al-Muṣṭafā. International Journal of Islamic Studies, 2(1), 221-235.

Aini, S. (2016). Tradisi Qunut dalam Shalat Magrib di Pondok Pesantren Wahid Hasyim Yogyakarta. Jurnal Living hadith, 1(2), 228-242.

Asni, F. A. H. M., Sulong, J., & Ismail, A. (2017). Penggunaan hadis daif dalam fatwa mengenai wasiat di Malaysia serta langkah penyelesaiannya. Journal of Hadith Studies, 2(1), 39-50.

Azri, B. (2010). Maslahah sebagai satu justifikasi terhadap keharusan sambutan maulidur rasul di Malaysia (Unpublished Doctoral dissertation). Available from University of Malaya Students Repository, (Record No. 5181).

Dona, K. (2016). Tradisi Mandi Balimau di masyarakat Kuntu: Living Hadis Sebagai Bukti Sejarah. Jurnal Living Hadith, 1(2), 276-293.

Fatullah, L. (2004). Hadis-hadis lemah & palsu dalam kitab Durratun al-Nāṣiḥīn (keutamaan bulan Rejab, Sya'ban dan Ramadhan). Jakarta: Darus Sunnah.

Ghouri, A. M. (2018). Prinsip-prinsip asas dalam memahami Hadith Nabawi. Putrajaya: Jabatan Kemajuan Islam.

Gusnanda. (2017). Living hadith dalam tradisi mambadakan paja masyarakat pauh nagari kamang mudik Kec. Kamang Magek Kab. Agam (Unpublished Masters Thesis), Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Imam Bonjol, Padang, Indonesia. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/36135544

Habsatun, N. (2018). Tradisi Arebbe dalam masyarakat Situbondo (Studi Living Hadis). Jurnal Ilmu al-Qur’an dan Hadith, 1(1), 48-65.

Hasbullah, T., & A. A, (2017). Ritual tolak bala pada masyarakat Melayu (Kajian pada masyarakat Petalangan Kecamatan Pangkalan Kuras Kabupaten Pelalawan). Jurnal Ushuluddin, 1(1), 83-100.

Ibn Manẓūr. (t.th.). Lisān al-‘Arab. Beirut: Dār al-Ṣādir.

Jannah, M. (2014). Living hadith dalam Tradisi Menjaga Kubur Masyarakat Banjar Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Tengah Kalimantan Selatan. Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Ushuluddin, 15(1), 1-16.

Kizil, F. (2008). Fazlur Rahman's Understanding of the Sunnah/hadīth-A Comparison with Joseph Schacht's Views on the Subject. Journal of Hadith Studies, 2(2), 31-46.

Margono, M. (2009). Keistimewaan Maktabah Syamilah dalam mentakhrij hadis. In Kertas Kerja Seminar Takhrij Hadith Nusantara: Realiti Dan Keperluan Dalam Masyarakat (pp. 30-31). Kuala Lumpur: Universiti Malaya.

Mustafa, A. (1998). Pengkajian hadith: Kaedah dan persuratan. Kuala Lumpur: Pustaka Salam.

Muttaqin, A. (2016). Barzanji Bugis dalam Peringatan Maulid: Studi Living hadith di Masyarakat Bugis, Soppeng, Sul-Sel. Jurnal Living hadith, 1(1), 129-150.

al-Qāsimī, J. (1979). Qawā‘id fī ‘Ulūm al-Ḥadīth. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Salimudin, S. (2014). “Merariq Syar’i” di Lombok: Studi Living Hadis di Dusun Lendang Simbe. ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin, 15(1), 113-131.

Salleh, N. M., Usman, A. H., Wazir, R., Shamsu, L. S. & Burhanudin, N. A. (2020). Living Sunnah menurut Fazlur Rahman: Satu sorotan literatur secara sistematik. Jurnal Al-Burhān, 4(1), 127-141.

Salleh, N. M., Usman, A. H., Wazir, R., Shamsu, L. S. & Burhanudin, N. A. (2019). Living hadith as a social cultural phenomenon of Indonesia: A systematic review of the literature. Journal Humanities & Social Sciences Review. 7(6), 1125-1133. doi:10.18510/hssr.2019.76161

Shamsudin, R., & Akhir, N. S. M. (2018). Hadis Daif: Analisis terhadap amalan-amalan kerohanian terpilih Masyarakat Melayu. HADIS, 8(16), 22-39. Retrieved from http://hadis.kuis.edu.my/index.php/inhad/article/view/2

Suryadilaga, M. (2016). Aplikasi penelitian hadis dari teks ke konteks. Yogyakarta: Kalimedia.

Umayah, U. (2014). Living Hadits: Fenomena bekam di Pesantren Eretan Indramayu. Holistik, 15(1), 309-328.

Yeni, A. (2017). Merantau dalam menuntut ilmu: Studi Living hadith oleh masyarakat Minangkabau. Jurnal Living hadith, 2(1), 69-81.

Published
2020-07-01
How to Cite
Mohd. Salleh, N., Abdullah, M. F. R., Usman, A. H., Wazir, R., Ismail, A. Z., Hj. Shamsu, L. S., & Burhanuddin, N. A. (2020). Kajian Terhadap Taraf Hadis dalam Penulisan Living Hadith. HADIS, 10(19), 562-572. Retrieved from http://hadis.kuis.edu.my/index.php/inhad/article/view/87
Section
Bahasa Melayu